Vol. Check out Pope Innocent VIII by Mirandaclare on Amazon Music. Pope Innocent III (c. 1160 – 1216) played a major role in the events surrounding Magna Carta, including its annulment in August 1215. After spending his youth in Naples, Giovanni studied in Padua and Rome. Invariably short of money, […] Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. ANTROBUS, (2nd ed., St. Louis, 1901), V, 229-372; CREIGHTON, A History of the Papacy, new ed., IV (London and New York, 1903), 135-182; GARNETT in The Renaissance Cambridge Modern History, I (New York, 1903), 221-225; ROSCOE, Lorenzo de' Medici (London, 1865), 214-229, 362; KRÜGER, The Papacy (tr., New York, 1909), 146, 151-153. Pope Innocent VIII was born Giovanni Battista Cibò in Genoa in 1432. Page 1 of 14 - About 133 essays. His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), whose tool Innocent remained. to Pope Innocent VIII was placed in its current location in 1621, and arbitrarily recomposed. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492. Gilgamesh, like Qin Shi Huang and Pope Innocent VIII and many others across time, demonstrates his commitment to his quest for physical immortality through his willingness to risk his life for a chance to live forever. This Papal Bull, decreed by Pope Innocent VIII in 1484, addresses the presence of witchcraft in Germany and in other areas. When his call for a crusade against the Turks failed, Innocent made an agreement in 1489 with Sultan Bayezid II to keep Prince Jem, Bayezid’s fugitive brother and pretender to the Turkish throne, confined to the Vatican in return for an annual payment and the gift of the Holy Lance, the spear thrust into Christ’s body at the crucifixion. Ecclesiastical approbation. He was made Bishop of Savona in 1467, but exchanged this see in 1472 for that of Molfetta in south-eastern Italy and was raised to the cardinalate the following year. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Pope Innocent VIII issued the celebrated bull Summis desiderantes in 1484, directing inquisitors and others to put to death all practitioners of witchcraft and other diabolical arts, and it has been computed that as many as nine million persons have suffered death for witchcraft since that date. If you have any information on these arms VIII mail us ! 8. The circumstances appeared particularly favourable, as Prince Djem, the Sultan's brother and pretender to the Turkish throne, was held prisoner at Rome and promised co-operation in war and withdrawal of the Turks from Europe in case of success. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. No need to register, buy now! Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Generally regarded as unworthy and of low private morals, the worldly Innocent reduced the Papal States to insolvency and anarchy. King John (left), the English monarch, ruled from 1199 to 1216. We have no information on the meaning or origin of these arms. TOMMASINI in Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, V (Rome, 1890); CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif. On the other hand, the pope had the satisfaction of witnessing the fall of Granada (1491) which crowned the reconquest of Spain from the Moors and earned for the King of Spain the title of "Catholic Majesty". Pope Innocent III was elected pope in 1198. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. His success in the conclave, as well as his promotion to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. The Bull of Innocent VIII Innocent, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, for an eternal remembrance. Pope Innocent VIII. (en) 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. . [CDATA[ Constantly confronted with a depleted treasury, he resorted to the objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them to the highest bidders. As for pope Innocent VIII and his inscription, I can offer no real explanation, but I also don't think it needs much. His success in the conclave, as well as his promotion to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere. Among these forgeries must be relegated the alleged permission granted the Norwegians to celebrate Mass without wine. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Death of Pope Innocent VIII, 25 July 1492, born Giovanni Battista Cybo or Cibo, was Pope 1484 to his death ID: JRTXY0 (RM) Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. The protracted conflict with Naples was the principal obstacle to a crusade against the Turks; Innocent VIII earnestly endeavoured to unite Christendom against the common enemy. Innocent’s manoeuvres in Italian politics were equally unscrupulous: he deposed King Ferdinand of Naples in 1489 for failure to pay debts of tribute; and his wars with several Italian states, especially Naples, depleted the papal treasury, which he replenished by creating and selling new posts. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The influence of his friends procured for him, from Pope Paul II (1464–71), the bishopric of Savona, and in 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. The decree explicitly declares that Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger have papal authority to lead inquisitorial procedures against suspected witches and other heretics in Germany and other areas. Immortality In King Gilgamesh 748 Words | 3 Pages. At the conclave of 1484, he signed, like all the other cardinals present, the election capitulation which was to bind the future pope. Find the perfect pope innocent viii stock photo. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492. Contact information. THUASNE, I (Paris, 1883); INFESSURA, Diario della Città di Roma, ed. . Tomb of Pope Innocent VIII 1492-98 Gilded bronze, height 549 cm Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican The tomb consists of two parts with the deceased represented twice, alive and dead. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Bernardino Fenier (150 words) no match in snippet view article find links to article Bernardino Fenier (also Bernardino Venerio) (died 1535) was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Chioggia (1487–1535). Reasons The Trials Of Witch Trials 1266 Words | 6 Pages. Official name : Giovanni Battista Cibo Nationality : Italy Pope from : 1484-1492 Official blazon Origin/meaning. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. searching for Pope Innocent VIII 45 found (368 total) alternate case: pope Innocent VIII. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Imprimatur. Innocent VIII, given name Giovanni Battista Cibo, Roman Catholic Pope from the 29th of August 1484 to the 25th of July 1492, successor of Pope Sixtus IV, was born at Genoa (1432), the son of Arano Cibo, who under Calixtus III had been a senator of Rome. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. The choice fell on Cibò himself who, in honour of his countryman, Innocent IV, assumed the name of Innocent VIII. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. "Pope Innocent VIII." He issued an appeal for a crusade against the Waldenses, actively opposed the Hussite heresy in Bohemia, and forbade (Dec., 1486) under penalty of excommunication the reading of the nine hundred theses which Pico della Mirandola had publicly posted in Rome. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. BURCHARD, Diarium, ed. In a bull of 1484 Innocent acknowledged belief in witchcraft, condemned it, and then dispatched inquisitors to Germany to try witches. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. During what is known as the Little Ice Age, the grip of freezing weather, failing of crops, rising crime, and mass starvation resulted in an increasing fear of witches. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. Transcription. Shutterstock.com and Public domain photos In Catholic Church history, one of the most famous controversies, and most famous crises between Church and state, between pope and king, took place in the early 13th century. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. Omissions? Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. In England he proclaimed the right of King Henry VII and his descendants to the English throne and also agreed to some modifications affecting the privilege of "sanctuary". In 1486 he persecuted one of the chief exponents of Renaissance Platonism, Pico della Mirandola, by condemning his theses and prohibiting his defense. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. However, the biggest reason I think the trials were unfair was because of the Malleus Maleficarum, where it mentions torture of prisoners with the intention of getting confessions. var m_names=new Array("January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December");var d=new Date();var curr_day=d.getDay();var curr_date=d.getDate();var curr_month=d.getMonth();var curr_year=d.getFullYear();document.write("Retrieved "+m_names[curr_month]+" "+curr_date+", "+curr_year+" from New Advent: "); Pope Innocent XIII (Latin: Innocentius Tertius Decimus; 13 May 1655 – 7 March 1724), born Michelangelo Conti, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 245th Pope from 1721 until his death. Nihil Obstat. The Catholic Encyclopedia. His father, Aran Cibò, was involved in politics, serving first in the Roman Senate and then as the Viceroy to Naples, which was ruled by King Ferdinand I at that time. Pope blameless VIII Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492, born Giovanni Battista Cybo or Cibo, was head of the Catholic Church & ruler of a Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. The lower section contains the sarcophagus with recumbent effigy, above which is the three-dimensional Pope bestowing the apostolic blessing, surrounded by reliefs of the four cardinal virtues. Continue Reading. // http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08019b.htm. MLA citation. Insecurity reigned at Rome during his rule owing to insufficient punishment of crime. However, he dealt mercilessly with a band of unscrupulous officials who forged and sold papal Bulls; capital punishment was meted out to two of the culprits in 1489. Pope Innocent was one of the most powerful and influential of the medieval popes. Catholic Online; Catholic Encyclopedia; Encyclopedia Volume; Free World Class Education FREE Catholic Classes (Giovanni Battista Cibò) Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. He exerted a wide influence over the Christian states of Europe, claiming supremacy over all of Europe's kings.He was central in supporting the Catholic Church's reforms of ecclesiastical affairs through his decretals and the Fourth Lateran Council.This resulted in a considerable refinement of Western canon law. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued the Papal. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? Michelangelo Conti was born in Poli, near Rome. The papal bull of Pope Innocent VIII known as Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484). October 1, 1910. The only canonization which he proclaimed was that of Margrave Leopold of Austria (6 Jan., 1485). XXXVII-LXIX; tr. 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